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Traditional Wooden Houses

The Traditional Wooden Houses in Indonesia, the house provides the main focus for the family and its community. Rumah adat or Traditional House are at the centre of a web of customs, social relations, traditional laws, taboos, myths and religions that bind the villagers together

The earliest Austronesian structures were communal longhouses on stilts, with steep sloping roofs and heavy gables, as seen in the Rumah Adat Batak and the Torajan Tongkonan. Variations on the communal longhouse principle are found among the Dayak people of Borneo, as well as the Mentawai people in Nias Island.

The norm is for a post, beam and lintel structural system that take load straight to the ground with either wooden or bamboo walls that are non-load bearing. Traditionally, rather than nails, mortis and tenon joints and wooden pegs are used. Natural materials - timber, bamboo, thatch and fibre - make up rumah adat. Hardwood is generally used for piles and a combination of soft and hard wood is used for the house's upper non-load bearing walls, and are often made of lighter wood or thatch. The thatch material can be coconut and sugar palm leaves, alang alang grass and rice straw.

Traditional dwellings have developed to respond to natural environmental conditions, particularly Indonesia's hot and wet monsoon climate. As is common throughout South East Asia and the South West Pacific, most rumah adat are built on stilts, with the exception of Java and Bali. Building houses off the ground on stilts serve a number of purposes: it allows breezes to moderate the hot tropical temperatures; it elevates the dwelling above stormwater runoff and mud; it allows houses to be built on rivers and wetland margins; it keeps people, goods and food from dampness and moisture; lifts living quarters above malaria-carrying mosquitos; and reduces the risk of dry rot and termites

The sharply inclined roof allows the heavy tropical rain to quickly sheet off, and large overhanging eaves keep water out of the house and provide shade in the heat. In hot and humid low-lying coastal regions, homes can have many windows providing good cross-ventilation, whereas in cooler mountainous interior areas, homes often have a vast roof and few windows.

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aceh house

Acehnese traditional houses, called "Rumoh Aceh"

batak karo

Batak Karo traditional houses, called"Siwaluh Jabu"

nias house

Nias Island traditional houses, called "Omo Sebua"

padang house

West Sumatra traditional houses, called "Rumah Gadang"

riau island house

Riau traditional houses, called "Rumah Lontiok"

riau house

Riau Island traditional houses, called "Rumah Belah Bubung"

jambi house

Jambi traditional houses, called "Rumah Lamo"

south sumatera house

South Sumatera houses, called "Rumah Limas / Pyramid"

lampung house

Lampung traditional houses, called "Nuwo Sesat"

bengkulu house

Bengkulu traditional houses, called "Bubungan Lima House"

betawi house

Jakarta traditional houses, called "Betawi House"

badui house

Banten traditional houses, called "Badui House"

west java house

West Java traditional houses, called "Kasepuhan House"

central java house

Central Java traditional houses, called "Joglo"

limasan house2

Central Java traditional houses, called "Limasan"

jogjakarta house2

Jogjakarta traditional houses, called "joglo/ limasan"

east java house

East Java traditional houses, called "Joglo / Limasan"

bali house

Bali traditional houses, called "Balinese House

lombok house

Lombok traditional houses, called "Dalam loka samawa"

east nusa tenggara house

East Nusa Tenggara traditional houses, called "Musalaki"

west borneo house

West Borneo traditional houses, called "Rumah Panjang"

central borneo house

Central Borneo traditional houses, called "Rumah Betang"

south borneo house

South Borneo traditional houses, "Rumah Banjar Bubungan Tinggi"

east borneo house

East Borneo traditional houses, "Rumah Lamin"

north sulawesi house

North Sulawesi traditional houses, "Rumah Pewaris"

gorontalo house

Gorontalo traditional houses, "Rumah Dolohupa"

central sulawesi house

Central Sulawesi traditional houses, "Rumah Besar"

south east sulawesi house

South East Sulawesi traditional houses, called "Laikas"

toraja house

South Sulawesi traditional houses, called "Tongkonan"

west sulawesi house

West Sulawesi traditional houses, called "Rumah Boyang"

maluku house

Maluku traditional houses, called "Baileo"

north maluku house

North Maluku traditional houses, called "Sasadu"

papua house

Papua traditional houses, called "Rumah Honai"